SPRINGFIELD – The Illinois Department of Public Health said Friday that 13 counties in the state are now in danger of having to reimpose social and economic restrictions as the number of COVID-19 cases continues to rise.
While Effingham County was not among the 13, this week it surpassed the warning level for one indicator – a positive case-count rate of 62 per 100,000 population, according to the Effingham County Health Department.
“Effingham County’s positive case count has reached 21 in three days, one of the key metrics in determining a pattern of increased, sustained COVID activity,” the local department said in a press release. “A rate below 50 per 100,000 population is desirable for a seven day period.
“For the first three days of the current seven-day period, Effingham County’s rate is already 62 per 100,000 population. This increase in activity should raise questions for persons in our community, such as, ‘Should I attend or host a large gathering? Are there additional precautions I should take given my personal/family health risks?’”
The department said late Wednesday that an additional nine new positive cases of COVID-19 had been recorded among Effingham County residents: a male and female in their teens, a male and female in their 20s, two females and one male in their 30s, and one female in her 40s have had contact with persons testing positive for COVID. Meanwhile, a male in his 30s has had no known contact with a positive case.
“All are doing well in isolation,” the press release said.
Meanwhile, Cass, Champaign, Gallatin, Jackson, Jo Daviess, Johnson, Perry, Randolph, Saline, Sangamon, St. Clair, White and Whiteside counties were shown as counties of concern on the IDPH site Friday evening. Those counties each experienced outbreaks associated with business operations and other activities that pose higher risks for spreading the disease such as school graduation ceremonies, parties, social gatherings and people going to bars.
Outbreaks have also been reported in long-term care facilities and there have been clusters associated with restaurants, churches and large sporting events including soccer, golf and softball tournaments, the IDPH said.
“Residents of many communities are not wearing face coverings that have been proven to reduce the spread of COVID-19,” IDPH said in a statement. “Public health officials are finding that most contacts to cases are testing positive as well.”
As recently as Thursday, only four counties were at the warning level including Adams, LaSalle and Peoria, but those three counties were not on the list released Friday. Randolph County, in southern Illinois, is the only one of the four to remain on the list.
All 102 counties in Illinois are in Phase 4 of the reopening plan, which means businesses are allowed to operate within public health guidelines such as capacity limits and face mask requirements, and gatherings of up to 50 people are allowed.
Individual regions, however, can be forced to reimpose several restrictions seen in previous phases of the reopening plan if they show increasing positivity rates for seven out of 10 days and they have a seven-day sustained increase in hospital admissions for COVID-19 or a decrease to 20 percent capacity of intensive care unit beds.
IDPH uses several measures to determine if a county is experiencing stable COVID-19 activity, or if there are warning signs of increased COVID-19 risk in the county.
Warnings can be triggered if there are more than 50 new cases per 100,000 people in the county, if the number of deaths in a week increases by more than 20 percent for two consecutive weeks, or if the seven-day positivity rate rises above 8 percent.
Warnings are also triggered when fewer than 20 percent of the region’s intensive care units are available, when weekly emergency department visits rise by more than 20 percent for two consecutive weeks, or when hospital admissions for COVID-19-like illness grows by more than 20 percent for two straight weeks.
The announcement of the new warning-level counties came as IDPH reported 1,941 new confirmed cases of COVID-19 over the previous 24 hours, the highest single-day number since April 27. There were also 21 new virus-related deaths over the day.
That brings the statewide totals since the pandemic first appeared in Illinois to 178,837 cases and 7,495 deaths.
Laboratories reported processing 49,782 specimens, the highest single-day number of tests posted so far, meaning the single-day positivity rate was 3.9 percent. The preliminary seven-day rolling average positivity rate was also 3.9 percent, one-tenth of a percentage point higher than the day before.
Those numbers may be revised in the near future, however, because IDPH announced late Friday that there have been processing delays on tests conducted at state-run sites that sent specimens to one laboratory, Reditus Labs.
IDPH said as many as 3,800 tests conducted at community-based or mobile sites between July 12 and July 24 were delayed beyond the appropriate reporting window. Those include sites in Aurora, Bloomington, East St. Louis, P)eoria, Rockford, Rolling Meadows and South Holland.
Overall, those sites processed more than 450,000 tests during the July 12-24 time frame, IDPH said, and the vast majority of those people tested have already received their results. IDPH recommends that individuals who have not yet received their results visit a free state-run testing site to have another specimen collected.
As of Thursday night, 1,369 Illinoisans were reported as hospitalized with COVID-19. That was 83 fewer than the previous day. Of those, 346 were in intensive care units, seven more than the day before, and 148 ICU patients were on ventilators, one fewer than the day before.
IDPH said it is working closely with Reditus Labs to improve their interface with specimen collection at state-run sites and ensure the processing of specimens moves forward more quickly. Specimens collected after July 24, 2020 are being processed and individuals will be promptly notified of their results, the agency said.
The Effingham COunty Health Department noted that if the warning level is reached for two or more indicators here, recommendations for restrictions on activities may be made.
“Without restrictions or community participation in precautionary measures, persons will continue to suffer from COVID-19 and disease spread will continue at a rapid pace,” the local health department said. “Effingham County is a thriving community with many positive attributes. The community is asked to work together to combat the spread of COVID-19 by following safety recommendations for social distancing, wearing a face covering, washing your hands, and staying home when you are ill.”
A map and information of each county’s status can be found on the IDPH website at www.dph.illinois.gov/countymetrics . That site has data from the week of July 19-July 25. It shows a case-rate of 50 per 100,000 for Effingham County that week – it does not yet reflect the 62 per 100,000 that Effingham County officials are reporting during the first three days of this week.